Meaning and importance
During the design phase you can apply a few logical principles to make replacement and maintenance easier: choose robust materials, detail that avoids damage or contamination, standardisation and modularity, good accessibility of crucial parts, and so on. GRO has developed two checklists with some key points that you can use to take the maintenance and cleaning of buildings into account right from the design phase. In order to make well-considered design choices, it is important to involve those who will take care of the building management and maintenance as early as possible in the project.
During construction, it is crucial to properly document information about the work (e.g. in a post-intervention file). This will mean that, in the future, the right technical information will be available to correctly carry out maintenance and replacements where needed. It is best to make this available digitally, perhaps in combination with or extended by a BIM environment and/or building passport.
During the use phase, good maintenance planning is important to be able to inspect the condition of the building components at regular intervals and to monitor maintenance, repairs or replacements. You can also use digital technologies for preventive and predictive maintenance.